How was Gurb at the beginning of 20th century?

  • Which roads were there?

There was the national 152, the road from Ripoll to Ribes, the Sant Bartomeu del Grau road and the Manresa road. 

In 1850, the road from Barcelona to Vic arrived, and in the 60’s it expanded through the main villages of Osona: Gurb, Manlleu, Folgueroles, Torell√≥, Roda de Ter, Prats,… In 1875 the train reached Vic. Gurb and St. Bartolomeu did not want to be left out, and so the road from Gurb to St. was repaired.

  • Which factories were there and where were they situated?

Closer to Manlleu rather than the centre of Gurb, in 1837 appeared the industrial colony of Malars, becoming the first business of Osona. 

Slowly, the industrial factories of Gurb started their businesses which were located near the principal communication roads like the old Nacional 152, before the first industrial zones arrived. 

  • Was there any change during the Civil War?

In July 18th 1936 the civil war and a social revolution started in zones which were faithful to the republic. The more radical left-wing parties and the unionists took control over the situation, meanwhile, the republic and the Generality Government were shuffled by events.

During the first months of the civil war a violent repression against the ecclesiastics was strengthened and people considered it to be right. It was estimated that between one and two hundred people were killed in the region of Osona. There were many deaths, especially in the case of men. On the other hand, in the early days of the revolution, all churches, including the chapel of Sant Roc, were burned. St. Andreu de Gurb was set on fire on St. James’ Day; Sant Esteve de Granollers was totally destroyed. Many farmhouses were filled with people.

  • Types of industry (%)

During this period there were over 400 businesses, 128 livestock exploitation and the rest were in the different industries such as the mechanical, building, electronical, pharmaceutical and textile.